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29,30,31 of October 2004  St. Petersburg,  Winter Stadium. 

The 3d European Taijiquan & Internal Martial Arts Championships.


 
 
Guidelines for competitors and judges in forms competition (hand, weapon and group form)

The participant(s) starts with the face to the jury 
It is the competitors own responsibility to attend when he/she is being called to perform. If the competitor is not there after the 3 call, he/she will be disqualified. If the competitor is competing in another area, make sure to notify the officials in the other area. 
The three highest scoring participants will be selected to demonstrate once more their form at the finals on Sunday. Judgement at the finals will be without reference to the previous score.
Competitors will wear suitable sports clothing and may wear sports shoes or be barefooted. 

Jury and criteria
The jury consists of 3 members and one timekeeper. 
Each judge will deduct 1 point from a competitor's total in respect of each instance of waving a jian directly overhead, performing cartwheels, splits or somersaults. The judges will disqualify competitors who perform an inappropriate form and will deduct points in accordance with the degree to which a form contains inappropriate movements. 
Points will also be deducted for stopping, hesitating and dropping a weapon.
After completing their form competitors will wait for the judges to announce the score before leaving the competition area. 

Time
A warning will be given by the judges when a forms competitor reaches the time limit (4 minutes) and if he does not finish the form within 10 seconds 1 point will be deducted from his score by each judge and he will be required to stop.

Handform:
Points will be awarded, on a scale from one to ten, for the following criteria.
1. Correct Posture
2. Correct Stance
3. Distinguishing Yin and Yang
4. Coordination of the movement
5. Smooth transition from one technique to another
6. Intent and focus
7. Balanced turning and stepping
8. Relaxation and softness
9. Aesthetic appearance
10. Martial Spirit

Weapon:
A warning will be given by the judges when a forms competitor reaches the time limit (4 minutes) and if he does not finish the form within 10 seconds 1 point will be deducted from his score by each judge and he will be required to stop.
Sword, Spear, Stick, Sabre, Staff, Fan and Other weapon
Points will be awarded, on a scale from one to ten, for the following criteria.
1. Correct posture 
2. Correct stance 
3. Distinguishing Yin and Yang 
4. Intent and focus 
5. Harmony of body and weapon 
6. Correct use of Jin 
7. Balance and agility 
8. Control of weapon
9. Aesthetic appearance 
10. Martial spirit

THE TWO PERSON FORM COMPETITION
Duo form can be Handform or San Shou; a succession of traditional pushing hands exercises (fixed step and / or moving); four corners (Da Lu), Weapons or other traditional exercises for two persons within the practised internal martial art.
The two persons weapon set can be two participants doing the weapon-form simultaneous or it can be a prearranged fight between two participants with weapons or other traditional exercises for two persons with weapons within the practised internal martial art.
A warning will be given by the judges when the competitors reaches the time limit (4 minutes) and if they does not finish the form within 10 seconds 1 point will be deducted from there score by each judge and they will be required to stop. 
Points will be awarded, on a scale from one to ten, for the following criteria.
1. Correct Posture
2. Correct Stance
3. Distinguishing Yin and Yang
4. Coordination between the two persons.
5. Harmony between the two persons
6. Intent and focus
7. Balanced turning and stepping
8. Relaxation and softness
9. Aesthetic appearance
10. Martial Spirit

Rules for the group competition
A group competition consists of three or more persons. The group performance could be Handform, Weapon-form, pushing hands or fighting aspects or all of them in which the quality of the martial art and the performance is judged.

1. Internal martial art classification and style classification.
The participants of the group competition are classified according to the internal martial art and style if possible. They should inform the organisation in advance in which internal martial art they wish to enter the competition, how much space is required and how many people are involved 
The group is responsible of cleaning the area after the performance.
2. Jury and criteria
The jury consists of 3 members and one timekeeper.
A warning will be given by the judges when the competitors reaches the time limit (8 minutes) and if they does not finish the form etc. within 10 seconds 1 point will be deducted from there score by each judge and they will be required to stop. 
Points will be awarded, on a scale from one to ten, for the following criteria:
1. Correct Posture / Stance
2. Distinguishing Yin and Yang
3. Coordination between the group members
4. Harmony between the group members
5. Smooth transition from one technique to another
6. Intent and focus
7. Balanced turning and stepping
8. Relaxation and softness
9. Aesthetic appearance
10. Martial Spirit

If competitors wish to appeal a decision they must do so immediately after the event and pay a forfeit of 110 EURO to the Appeals committee, which will be repaid if the appeal is found to have merit, if this is not the case the sum will go to the Appeals Committee. 

The tournament organizer are not liable for material or immaterial damages during or resulting from the tournament.

 

FIXED STEP PUSHING HANDS 

Location of the competition 
The match will take place on a field marked by a centre line. The competitors will put their front foot on the middle line

The Match 
In each match there shall be two participants. A referee leads the Match. Judging team consists of two side judges, chief judge and an assistant referee (secretary and time keeper). 
The duration of each pool match is 2 times 1 minute of unbroken playing time, where necessary the referee may instruct the timekeeper to stop the clock by signalling time out. Unbroken playing time means that unless the referee stops play, there will be no stoppages. The duration of the finals is 2 times 2 minute of unbroken playing time. 
The timekeeper will announce half time and when the total playing time has expired. 

The starting position 
Both competitors will stand opposite one another with the left foot forward on the line and the left arm in the peng position at breast height and the right hand on the opponents left elbow. Once the referee has confirmed the correct posture of the competitors the match will start. 
The timekeeper will indicate the end of the match after which the referee will separate the participants and stand between them, while awaiting the final score. As soon as the winner is announced the referee will raise the hand, of the winner, after which the participants will leave the field. 

Permitted Techniques: 
Peng, Lu, Ji, An, Cai, Lie, Zhou ( forearm only not point of elbow ) & Kao 
If the opponent has been brought off balance with other techniques no points will be awarded 
If a participant gives up he will automatically be disqualified. 
If a participant is hurt in such a way that in the opinion of the referee he/she cannot continue, his/ her opponent will be named winner, provided the rules have been observed, If this is not the case the injured opponent will be named the winner. The referee has the final decision 
As regards grabbing where no obvious technique is being applied, the referee has the power to restart the match.

The Score.
The participant will be awarded: 
One point will be awarded if a contestant raises one foot from the floor or steps off balance in any direction with one foot or raises any part of the rear foot from the floor. The sole of the front foot may be raised, provided that the heel is still in contact with the floor. 
Two points will be awarded if a contestant steps off balance in any direction with both feet. 
Four points will be awarded if any part of the body other than the feet touches the ground. 
If both participants lose their balance, then no points will be awarded. However if one participant loses balance and purposely pulls his opponent by the clothes or body, the opponent will be awarded two points.
After the match, the chief judge and side judges  will process all points, including penalties, averaging them. 
In case of a draw in the pool, the match will be extended by half a minute. If this extension is does not result in a winner then match continues until a point is scored. The first to score the point will be named the winner. 

Offences and disqualification: 
If a participant breaks a rule, the referee has the right to stop the match and award two points to the opponent. In case of a serious offence the referee may disqualify the participant. 

Offences are: 
Attacking the crotch, hitting the head, neck or throat. Attacking with the elbow, knee or stretched fingers. Punching, kicking, throwing, locking, biting, spitting, pulling the hair or clothing of the opponent. Attacking or sweeping the feet. Putting an arm or arms around the opponents back. Attacking after the referee has stopped the match. Dissent with or without rough language. It is not permitted to precede a push with a blow or thump. It is not permitted to attack the joints. Ladies are not permitted to purposely press on the breasts 
 


 
Restricted Pushing Hands.

Location of the competition 
The match will take place on a field marked by a circle of 60 centimetre in diameter. The competitors will put their front foot in the circle. 

The match 
In each match there shall be two participants. The Match is led by a referee. Judging team consists of two side judges, chief judge and an assistant referee (secretary and time keeper). 
The duration of each pool match is 2 times 1 minute of unbroken playing time, where necessary the referee may instruct the timekeeper to stop the clock by signalling time out. Unbroken playing time means that unless the referee stops play, there will be no stoppages. 
The duration of the finals is 2 times 2 minute of unbroken playing time. 
The timekeeper will announce half time and when the total playing time has expired. 

The starting position 
Both competitors will stand opposite one another with the left foot forward ( first minute ) in the circle and the left arm in the peng position at breast height and the right hand on the opponents left elbow. Once the referee has confirmed the correct posture of the competitors the match will start. 
If either of the participants loses their balance the referee will stop the match, allowing side judges award points. He will restart the match and the participants will retake their starting positions. 
The timekeeper will indicate the end of the match, after which the referee will separate the participants, and stand between them, awaiting the final score. As soon as the winner is announced the referee will raise the hand of the winner, after which the participants will leave the field 

The score 
One point will be awarded when a participant steps on the line with the foot in the circle.
Two points will be awarded when a participant steps outside the circle with the foot in the circle. 
Four points will be awarded if any part of the body other than the feet touches the ground. 
The participants may move the rear leg as much as they like. They can turn on the foot in the circle as long as it touches the floor in the circle. 
If both participants lose their balance, then no points will be awarded. However if one participant loses balance and purposely pulls his opponent by the clothes or body, the opponent will be awarded two penalty points. The awarding penalty points are up to referee only.
After the match, the chief judge and side judges  will process the points, averaging them. 
In case of a draw in the pool, the match will be extended by half a minute. If this extension is does not result in a winner then match continues until a point is scored. The first to score the point will be named the winner. 
If a participant gives up he will automatically be disqualified. 
If a participant is hurt in such a way, that in the opinion of the referee he/she cannot continue, his/ her opponent will be named winner, provided the rules have been observed, If this is not the case the injured opponent will be named the winner. The referee has the final decision. 

Offences and disqualification 
If a participant breaks a rule, the referee has the right to stop the match and award two points to the opponent. In case of a serious offence the referee may disqualify the participant. 

Offences are: 
Attacking the crotch, hitting the head, neck, throat or attacking with the elbow, knee or stretched fingers. Locks, punching, kicking, throwing, biting, spitting or pulling the hair or clothing of the opponent. Attacking or sweeping the feet/legs. Attacking after the referee has stopped the match. Dissent with or without rough language. 
It is not permitted to precede a push with a blow or thump. 
It is not permitted to attack the joints. 
Ladies are not permitted to purposely press on the breasts 

Permitted Techniques: 
Peng, Lu, Ji, An, Cai, Lie, Zhou ( forearm only not point of elbow ) & Kao 
As regards grabbing where no obvious technique is being applied, the referee has the power to restart the match.
 

Moving Step Pushing Hands.

Location of the competition 
The match will take place within a square field of 4 x 4 metre. 

The match 
In each match there shall be two participants. The match is led by a referee. Judging team consists of two side judges, chief judge and an assistant referee (secretary and time keeper). 
The duration of each pool match is 4 minutes of unbroken playing time, where necessary the referee may instruct the timekeeper to stop the clock by signalling time out. Unbroken playing time means that unless the referee stops play, there will be no stoppages. The duration of the finals is also 4 minutes of unbroken playing time. The timekeeper will announce halftime and when the total playing time has expired.

The starting position
Both participants stand on the line of the square, opposite each other. On the referee's signal they walk towards the centre of the square and take the ward-off (peng) left position. After that they walk to the right, in the middle of the square, until the referee gives the signal that the match has begun. 
If either of the participants loses their balance the referee will stop the match and award points. He will restart the match and the participants will re-take their starting positions, with ward-off right walking to the left, etc. 
The timekeeper will indicate the end of the match, after which the referee will separate the participants, and stand between them, awaiting the final score. As soon as the winner is announced the referee will raise the hand of the winner, after which the participants will leave the field

The score 
One point will be awarded when a participant steps on the line or outside the line with one foot. 
Two points will be awarded when a participant steps on the line or outside the line with both feet.
Four points will be awarded if any part of the body other than the feet touches the ground. 
If both participants lose their balance, then no points will be awarded. However if one participant loses balance and purposely pulls his opponent by the clothes, the opponent will be awarded two points. 
In case of a draw in the pool, the match will be extended by half a minute. If this extension is does not result in a winner then match continues until a point is scored. The first to score the point will be named the winner. 
If a participant gives up he will automatically be disqualified.
If a participant is hurt in such a way, that in the opinion of the referee he/she cannot continue, his/ her opponent will be named winner, provided the rules have been observed, If this is not the case the injured opponent will be named the winner. The referee has the final decision. 

Offences and disqualification 
If a participant breaks a rule, the referee has the right to stop the match and award two points to the opponent. In case of a serious offence the referee may disqualify the participant.

Offences are: 
Attacking the crotch, hitting the head, neck, throat or attacking with the elbow, knee or stretched fingers. Locks, punching, kicking, biting, spitting or pulling the hair or clothing of the opponent. Grapping the legs with the hands. Attacking after the referee has stopped the match. Dissent with or without rough language. 
It is not permitted to precede a push with a blow or thump. 
It is not permitted to attack the joints. 
Ladies are not permitted to purposely press on the breasts 

Permitted Techniques: 
Peng, Lu, Ji, An, Cai, Lie, Zhou ( forearm only not point of elbow ) & Kao. As regards grabbing where no obvious technique is being applied, the referee has the power to restart the match. Sweeping and safe throws are allowed only if the acting leg is put on the ground before the throw is commited